Morocco is a country known for its exotic architecture. Morocco itself is located at the tip of the African continent and is directly adjacent to European countries, such as Portugal and Spain. Due to geographical factors and the number of countries that colonized this country, Moroccan architecture is unique compared to other architectures. As an Islamic country, the overall Moroccan architectural style is also heavily influenced by Islam. Want to know what the characteristics and uniqueness of Moroccan architecture are like? Come on, see below.
- Use of Zallij
Moroccan architectural style is heavily influenced by Islamic culture. This influence makes the Moroccan design style characterized by only applying floral, plant, and geometric patterns to buildings or houses. Zallij or mosaic tiles with bright Moroccan colors are often used in interior and exterior spaces. This pattern is also often applied to table or window surfaces. In addition, we can also find carved ornaments in Moroccan-style houses.
- Walls Made of Earth
The walls of the original Moroccan buildings are made of molded earth and dried in the sun to dry. After the walls of this soil dry, they will appear brown, gray, green, orange, white, blue, and also a little red. All of the colors are made naturally from trees and stones that are natural in Morocco.
Therefore, Moroccan architecture often looks plain on the exterior, but when you go inside, it feels full of geometric motifs and interesting colors.
- Typical Colors
Moroccan style usually uses bold, light, or soft colors. One of the colors that is always used is terracotta. This color can give a warm impression and create a seductive atmosphere in the building. Not infrequently, in one room a variety of striking colors are combined to make it look contrasting. Coupled with a mix of lively motifs, it makes the Moroccan interior style seem cheerful and bright.
- Importance of the Riad
Here it is an important and very distinctive part of a Moroccan-style house, namely the Riad. The riad is an open area located in the middle of the building. This part becomes the heart of the house. The riad is a soothing oasis in the heat of the weather. A riad is generally filled with dense plants, combined with a pool or fountain that can make the room look fresher and make the house shadier.
You can apply the riad to a completely closed interior. Make the riad the center of the residential orientation of the rooms around it.
- The existence of Mashrabiya
A mashrabiya is an Islamic style carving made by carving on a large wooden partition with intricate geometric patterns. According to Islamic culture, mashrabiya is used for the purpose of hiding women from male visitors who want to peek into the house.
- Typical Lamp Style
What you are sure to find in Moroccan architecture are its distinctive lights. A typical Moroccan lamp has a cover made of iron, glass, or beads which makes the light feel softer and dimmer. This minimal lighting can make the room feel more mysterious and warm.
- Arabic style furniture
The furniture used in this architecture has adopted a lot of Arabic styles. One example is a table that is made low. The way to use this table is by sitting cross-legged on the floor, not on a chair or sofa, and usually using a patterned pillow as a base. This table is very suitable for use in the family room to make the atmosphere warmer and homey.
- A sharp architectural form
The curved, pointed architectural form is always used in almost all aspects of Moroccan architecture. The interior design of the doors used are usually large and very decorative. Doors are usually equipped with distinctive carvings and bright colors.
Each traditional building in Morocco has its own characteristics. For example in mosques, souqs (closed markets), madersa (schools that teach religious knowledge), and so on. All this Moroccan architecture is always able to perfectly accentuate its uniqueness and beauty which will make anyone who sees it feel amazed.