Have you ever heard of the Baroque architectural style? Baroque architectural and artistic styles first appeared in Rome in the late 16th century. Baroque itself emerged as a result of the development of the Protestantism movement. At that time, the Catholic church wanted to create a church architecture that could become a medium for the message the church wanted to convey in a more dramatic way. Therefore, art created in this era must be related to religious and emotional themes.
Baroque architects designed monumental and richly detailed religious buildings. The architecture is synonymous with excessive, dramatic, and out of the box design. Baroque buildings showed pomp and power so that the people at that time submitted and obeyed the monarchy and the church. Its intricate architecture is also meant to pay tribute to the institutions and beliefs of the Catholic faith.
Buildings built in the Baroque era have a strong emphasis or accent on the rotating pillars, domes, dramatic lighting that directly highlights works of art in the church to make them look theatrical, frescoes or frescoes on the building’s ceiling, and the triple effect. dimensions of the many intricate carvings on the surface of the building. The most visible characteristic of this architecture is the shape of the concave and convex walls which are able to create motion in buildings.
The Baroque era is divided into three parts, namely early Baroque, high Baroque, and late Baroque. Baroque began to develop in Rome, Italy from the early Baroque to high Baroque and ended in France starting from late Baroque until finally replaced by the emergence of the Rococo style.
To see the beauty and complexity of the Baroque style, here are some examples of the most famous Baroque-style buildings in the world.
- St. Peter’s Square
The two most famous names in Baroque architecture are Bernini and Borromini. One of the most famous works of Gian Lorenzo Bernini to date and still a destination for millions of tourists is St. Peter’s Square in the Vatican. This building is claimed to be the largest church ever built and is one of the holiest places for Catholicism. This place is made with a very large front yard with the aim that all people from all over the world can gather and see the Pope. Additionally, the 284 columns are designed with a dramatic Baroque touch.
- San Carlo Alle Quattro Fontane
One of the most famous works of Baroque architecture is Francesco Borromini’s San Carlo Alle Quattro Fontane in Rome, Italy. This building is a Catholic church which is also known as The Church of Saint Charles at the Four Fountains. This church is one of the iconic examples of the Baroque style because of its intricate design. The artistic touch of the architecture is considered to represent the magnificent sanctity of the church.
- Trevi Fountain
Surely you know this iconic place to toss coins? Of the many fountains in Italy, the Trevi Fountain is the largest Baroque-style fountain in Rome and is one of the most famous fountains in the world. This fountain is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Italy and is often the location for filming. This fountain designed by Nicola Salvi was completed by Giuseppe Pannini in 1751 after Salvi died. The Trevi Fountain is adorned with many sculptures depicting a figurative tale-themed “Taming of the Waters,” or taming water.
- St. Peter’s Basilica
St. Peter’s Basilica is the largest basilica in the world. This church was designed by great architects at that time, namely Michelangelo, Donatello Bramante, Carlo Maderno, and Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The construction itself took 120 years.